Press Freedom

Press Freedom – Issues in Scholastic Journalism

by Shelley Blundell. In the past, student media publications have been supported as promoting the free expression of students and representative of their academic freedom, which is critical to the intellectual growth of both student participants and students in general (Dvorak, 1994). However, many of these same publications have been subject to fierce censorship and […]

Prior Review

by Shelley Blundell. Prior Review of student media “refers to the practice of school officials—or anyone in a position of authority outside the editorial staff—demanding that they be allowed to read (or preview) copy prior to publication and/or distribution” (Hiestand, 2002). However, as the National Scholastic Press Association makes clear, Prior Review is different from […]

Internet Filtering

by Shelley Blundell. Of all the ways school officials can censor information from students; one of the more controversial (and deeply flawed) ways is through the use of Internet filters on school-accessible technologies. As Shearer (2010) explains, after the passage of the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) in 2000, many public schools and public libraries […]

Landmark Supreme Court Case Decisions

by Shelley Blundell. Of all the Supreme Court case decisions regarding freedom of speech, free expression, and other First Amendment considerations (particularly the clause protecting freedom of the press), the two case decisions that affect student media the most are: 1) 1969 – Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and 2) 1988 – […]


by Shelley Blundell. Although there is much research on censorship of student media from outside concerns (such as censorship by school officials, e.g. principals – see the entries on Prior Review and Internet filtering for more information), there is little research done regarding self-censorship of student media. In terms of creating a definition of self-censorship […]

The Impact of Social Media

by Shelley Blundell. Social media applications like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram have changed the way people in the 21st Century communicate. This is particularly true for Millennials, who are usually defined as those born after 1983 into the digital communication age. Reporting on statistics gathered by the National School Boards Association; Ramaswami (2010) states that […]